When Ivy, Duchess of Portland set up The Harley Foundation in 1977, she envisaged that it support artists by offering them affordable studio space in tranquil surroundings.
Since then, the Foundation has established 3 sets of subsidised studio spaces situated within the old Welbeck Kitchen Garden. Set up in the 1850s, the kitchen garden covered over 22 acres and employed a staff of 40 men and boys. It contained large glass conservatories, some of which can still be seen in Dukeries Garden Centre, ornamental plants and flowerbeds as well as beds of vegetables and orchards of fruit.
The ‘East Workshops’, built in 2000 by leading British architect John Outram, were built on the site of the Pineapple Pits. The Pineapple Pits created a microclimate necessary to grow pineapples in North Nottinghamshire, through a labour intensive system of hot water pipes and deep pits of fermenting manure.
The Harley Studios also stretch along into the ‘Tan Gallop’ which borders the kitchen garden. The Tan Gallop Studios were built in 1980, on the site of the 5th Duke of Portland’s covered training gallop. This was used in the winter months to train racehorses; the gallop was heated and the ground was covered with spent oak chippings from the leather tanning process, which made it more comfortable for the horses’ hooves. The Portland Collection gallery is also located within the Tan Gallop.