(1593 – 1676)

William Cavendish was the grandson on Bess of Hardwick. He was a Cavalier and fought for the Royalists until defeat at Marston Moor. He then went into exile in Europe, where he studied architecture and art, met and married Margaret Lucas and wrote his first book on horsemanship, an influential work which introduced Manège, later known as dressage, to England.

An exhibition on the life of William Cavendish showed at The Harley Gallery 2008 – 2010.

Image: William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, After Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 17th century.